Registration Department came into existence vide Government of Bihar Resolution No. 1724 dated 28-August-1991. Prior to it, it was a part of Revenue Department. The department is headed by a Minister at political level. At bureaucratic level, Departmental Secretary is at its head. Following is the organizational structure of the Department:
The history of registration in Bihar dates back to later part of the 18th century after the Regulation XXXVI of 1793 came into force by which an office for the registration of deeds at the sadar station of each zila and in the city of Patna was established. By regulation XXXIX of 1793, a Kazi-ul-Kazat was appointed for the whole of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa and Kazis for several districts and their duties were prescribed.
Several improvements in the system were made by different regulations during Company Period. The system of compulsory registration was introduced for the first time by Act XVI of 1864 which repealed all previous enactments.
Some of the important provisions of this Act were:
Then came the present Act, i.e., the Act of 1908. It was a consolidating Act. It came into force with effect from 1st-January-1909. Since its coming into force, many Central and State amendments were made in it.
The last Central Amendment was made by Registration and Other Related Laws (Amendment) Act, 2001. Some of the important features of this Amendment Act are -